respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn

respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn
noun
an acute lung disease of the newborn (especially the premature newborn); lungs cannot expand because of a wetting agent is lacking; characterized by rapid shallow breathing and cyanosis and the formation of a glassy hyaline membrane over the alveoli

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • respiratory distress syndrome — noun an acute lung disease of the newborn (especially the premature newborn); lungs cannot expand because of a wetting agent is lacking; characterized by rapid shallow breathing and cyanosis and the formation of a glassy hyaline membrane over the …   Useful english dictionary

  • respiratory distress syndrome — n a respiratory disorder that occurs in newborn premature infants and is characterized by deficiency of the surfactant coating the inner surface of the lungs, by failure of the lungs to expand and contract properly during breathing with resulting …   Medical dictionary

  • respiratory distress syndrome — Pathol. 1. Also called hyaline membrane disease. an acute lung disease of the newborn, occurring primarily in premature babies and babies born to ill mothers, characterized by rapid breathing, flaring of the nostrils, inelastic lungs, edema of… …   Universalium

  • respiratory distress syndrome — hyaline membrane disease the condition of a newborn infant in which the lungs are imperfectly expanded. Initial inflation and normal expansion of the lungs requires the presence of a substance (surfactant) that reduces the surface tension of the… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • respiratory distress syndrome — the condition of a newborn infant in which the lungs are imperfectly expanded. Initial inflation and normal expansion of the lungs requires the presence of a substance (surfactant) that reduces the surface tension of the air sacs (alveoli) and… …   Medical dictionary

  • respiratory distress syndrome — noun Date: 1964 a respiratory disorder chiefly of newborn premature infants that is characterized by deficiency of the surfactant coating the inner surface of the lungs resulting in labored breathing, lung collapse, and hypoxemia …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • respiratory distress syndrome — res′piratory distress′ syn drome n. 1) pat an acute lung disease of newborn, esp. premature, infants, caused by a deficiency of the surface active substance that keeps the alveoli of the lungs expanded 2) pat extreme shortness of breath, as from… …   From formal English to slang

  • Infant respiratory distress syndrome — Classification and external resources ICD 10 P22 ICD 9 769 …   Wikipedia

  • neonatal respiratory distress syndrome — dyspnea with cyanosis in the newborn, a condition caused by deficiency of surfactant. Prodromal signs include dilatation of the alae nasi, expiratory grunt, and retraction of the suprasternal notch or costal margins. It is usually seen in infants …   Medical dictionary

  • Hemolytic disease of the newborn — Not to be confused with Hemorrhagic disease of the newborn. HDN Classification and external resources ICD 10 P55 ICD 9 7 …   Wikipedia

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